IVF – Frequently Asked Questions

IVF Frequently Asked Questions

IVF is widely recognized today as a viable treatment method for millions of childless couples who have been diagnosed with fertility issues. It is a highly specialized surgery that provides an opportunity to become a parent if conception without intervention is impossible. However, it is not uncommon to feel nervous when planning to begin experiencing IVF and coming with a variety of questions and doubts. This will most definitely be your one-stop-destination for all your Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding IVF, as this blog seeks to offer you a complete and compact guide as to what IVF entails.

What is IVF, and how does it work?

In vitro fertilization is a process that consists of several stages, including hormone injection, which causes a woman’s ovaries to ripen multiple eggs. These eggs are then collected and injected with sperm in a test tube, and these embryos develop for a couple of days. Healthy embryos are then replaced in the woman’s uterus, and one or more embryos are ideally implanted to create a pregnancy.

Who is IVF for?

Couples facing infertility challenges including:-

  • Tubal blockage or visibly distorted tubes
  • Ovulation disorders
  • Testicular problems or disorders affecting the sperm- low sperm count or poor motility in men
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Genetic concerns

What are the Steps of the IVF Procedure?

The IVF process typically follows a series of stages: The IVF process typically follows a series of stages:

  • Ovarian Stimulation: Fertility medications induce multiple mature ovaries and increase the likelihood of fertilization.
  • Egg Retrieval: A non-surgical technique is used to extract mature eggs from the woman’s ovary through a process known as follicle aspiration.
  • Sperm Collection: The male partner has to produce a semen sample as prescribed by the doctor or the laboratory technician.
  • Fertilization: In a Petri dish, sperm interacts further with the eggs. In case of certain complications, there are more invasive techniques, such as ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection).
  • Embryo Culture: Once fertilized, the eggs are called embryos and are observed and developed for a few days in a controlled setting.
  • Embryo Transfer: Alternatively, one or more healthy embryos are again inserted into the uterus using a narrow tube called a catheter.
  • Pregnancy Test: According to this, after some predetermined number of days of coitus, a pregnancy test is conducted to determine whether implantation has occurred.

What are the success rates of IVF?

Because IVF requires the fertilization of eggs outside of the female body, its success rates depend on the age of the woman, the cause of infertility, the viability of the eggs and sperm, and other factors regarding single women whose eggs were used, the success rate of live birth is an average of 32% across the United States for women under the age of 35 per cycle of embryo transfer. 

Risks and side effects of IVF

While generally safe, IVF does carry some potential risks and side effects: 

  • Multiple pregnancy: IVF medications may also raise the likelihood of multiple births like twins, triplets, etc.
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS): This is a situation in which the ovaries react more than usual to certain fertility drugs.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: Ectopic pregnancy is another type that occurs only occasionally in that the embryo implants itself in a location other than the uterus.
  • Miscarriage: This can be somewhat coupled with IVF, as with natural conception.
  • Emotional stress: Nevertheless, IVF can be emotionally straining due to the complex methodical procedure.

How much does IVF cost?

IVF is expensive since it is considered a medical procedure. If we look at the cost of IVF more closely, cost differences exist in terms of geographical region, clinic charges, prescription, medium, and additional opinions. One must ensure they have proper estimates regarding the financial areas they will undertake before embarking on the process.

What are the alternatives to IVF?

In some cases, it becomes crucial to look into other IVF treatments that can be used instead of standard IVF treatments. These could include:

  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI): Due to this, sperm is introduced directly into the uterus to enhance the chances of fertilization.
  • Ovulation induction medications: According to the general medical knowledge, one can take medications to induce ovulation in women with irregular menstrual cycles.
  • Surgery: Some procedures might be to correct the abnormalities within the fallopian tubes or other surgical interventions in general.


Dr. Ram Prakash, who works at one of the best IVF Centers in Noida, is a highly qualified embryologist with vast experience in fertility treatments. IVF has created an opportunity for procreation for the childless due to infertility issues. This way, you will be able to assess the effectiveness of the treatment, it’s possible drawbacks, and other options that can be used within this significant and life-altering branch of medicine.